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tilling clay soil for grass

It is such a prolific nuisance that there are multiple sprays and chemical control... 5 Tips for Creating Beautiful, Low-Maintenance Flower Beds. Continue to add 2 inches depth and change direction each successive pass until you reach the desired depth. Lime is used to raise the pH level of soils, and clay can have a range of pH levels. Part of what determines soil quality is its texture. Manure is a tricky soil additive. To begin with, compact soil is often too tight for roots to penetrate. Second, on our list, find growth organic red clay … Poke one finger into the ball's center. Is all of this work and money worth it? If it holds its shape, but falls apart when you poke it, you have a silt soil. Results show that it penetrates deeper than manual aeration, but you lose the benefit of having pockets of organic matter integrated into the soil. If it looks like it belongs on a potter’s wheel, congratulations, you have clay. Tilling is a great way to loosen the soil and make it receptive to air, water, seed and fertilizer. For clay, you will want to spread a layer 2” thick across the area and till it in. Bermuda doesn’t tolerate cold temperatures. Sydney has over 15 years of experience in lawn maintenance, landscape design, and organic gardening. The result will be what you need in cubic feet. Tall Fescue. It will, however, create an all-natural, organic concrete slab. While organic matter will still collect, and eventually be worked in, the process is much slower than if you used a drill. If old or dead grass exists, it is vital to remove it before rotor tilling … Better to set yourself up for success the first time. The best by far is compost or composted manure. Will mulch help clay soil? Both results are worse than before you started. Horse manure is generally the best for organic matter, and chicken manure is the best for nutrients. However, before planting anything, you should take steps to amend your soil. Now It’s Time to Till Using the recommendations from your soil test, call your local landscape supply company and order an organic soil mixture to create conditions ideal for new sod. Then, mulch the area 3”- 4” thick. Needless to say, this is less than ideal for planting. This is a discussion on our five-step strategy for improving clay soil. Another benefit to drilling over aerating is that a drill will help with porosity on the sides of the holes. Tilling at the wrong time can actually make the soil more compacted and bad for your plant’s roots. When creating a space for a new flower bed or veggie garden, it’s important to first prepare the soil. Depending on how compacted your soil is, you could enjoy the fruit of your labor in just a couple of growing seasons. However, if your soil is already within a desirable range, they will do more harm than good. Till or glacial till is unsorted glacial sediment.. Till is derived from the erosion and entrainment of material by the moving ice of a glacier.It is deposited some distance down-ice to form terminal, lateral, medial and ground moraines.. Till is classified into primary deposits, laid down directly by glaciers, and secondary deposits, reworked by fluvial transport and other processes. To avoid the headache of finding the perfect manure amendment, just buy a composted manure mix. For this example project, you would need 48 bags, and it would cost you $347.68 before tax (assuming no bulk discount). The bags would weigh, collectively, over 3,000 pounds. It adds stability to sand and creates porosity in clay. If you don’t see improvement as quickly as you’d like, add a layer of coarse sand 1 to 2 inches deep and till it in with the organic matter. If you are about to give up on your lawn, I don’t blame you. If you need to raise the pH of your soil, then ashes can help accomplish that. However, if you have an established lawn, humic acid is easily applied as a topdressing and will help the overall health of the soil. Whether you’re breaking up ground to make a new garden bed or tilling the vegetable garden after a long winter’s rest, work clay soil a little at a time. The grass' roots will work to break up and loosen the clay soil below. Is shredded paper good for clay soil? Cement is basically manufactured clay. However, there’s a “poor man’s test” that is adequate for any homeowner hoping to maintain a nice lawn. As of this writing, 3 cubic feet of compost was $8.48 on Home Depot’s website. It is so fine that it traps water and nutrients and prevents them from being leached into the substrate. Either way, a heavy thatch layer on top of clay will create some problems. Manure quality is also related to diet. Never try to till clay soil when it is wet. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. For instance, the soil can't be too wet or too dry before tilling. Humic acid is not a fertilizer. The problem with clay is the texture. Soil amendments can be added during the tilling process or as a topdressing to an established lawn. Click here to find out how much limestone to add to your clay soil. Aerate Clay Soil. As the organic waste breaks down, this will create larger pockets of organic material in your lawn. While soil conditions change depending on the region, clay soils are generally high in nutrients. It’s frustrating, and it’s easy to give up and let the dandelions take over. It should be damp and moist. To lighten your soil you can add lime (which I believe helps the clay particles flocculate; make sure it's the natural sort) and start making leafmould which is a brilliant soil improver. in Landscape Design/Organic Produce Production from the Nebraska College of Technical Agriculture. This site is a participant in affiliate programs such as Amazon Associates and earns from qualifying purchases. It is entirely possible to improve clay soil that already has an established lawn, but it will take more time and effort. Mix in approximately 2-3 inches of grass clippings into the top 6 inches of soil. The tool used for spike aeration will have long tines that poke holes in your lawn. Allow waterlogged soil to dry out before tilling. The goal, however, is loam, which is an even mixture of all three. If you were to buy compost by the yard, it is generally cheaper. Before tilling, test soil moisture by digging down to a depth of 6 inches. Wood ash has the same benefits as lime. Tilling garden by hand isn't as hard as it seems. However, you will need to be able to allow a dump truck to dump compost on the area you’re amending. It is so fine that it traps water and nutrients and prevents them from being leached into the substrate. Soils can be classified as sand, silt, or clay, with a number of variations. Important Note: Do not roto-till clay after a heavy rain because it will destroy the clay structure, further compacting the soil. First, water the area. You can choose a grass that will thrive in clay and will hold up well under stress. Use cedar mulch, as it holds up better and detracts pests. Use finished compost, partially rotted leaves, or pine needles, to name a few. Instead of removing thatch, consider aerating your lawn in the spring to provide holes where organic matter can accumulate. An easier method, if possible for you, is to simply apply 6 inches of quality topsoil over your existing clay soil and plant your lawn in that. Quantum Growth Red Clay Soil Organic Fertilizer. Adding sand without the organic matter can form concrete-like soil, so avoid this. Adding organic material to your clay soil will go a long way towards improving it. Softening the soil will make your job much easier. The goal with amendments, then, is to improve texture. Product recommendations not personally owned are based on the author’s knowledge of the company, product, reliability, and reputation. Soils should have a pH of between 5.5 and 7.5 to allow for most things to grow properly. It can take some time and effort, but with persistence and strategy, your lawn can be easier to maintain and much healthier. You could forego the compost and just till, but you will spend much more in the future on water, fertilizer, aeration, and other treatments to maintain a healthy yard. Wait a couple of days, then retest the soil moisture. It adds nutrition in depleted soils and brings in microbes and earthworms to break down dead plant matter. When the balls falls apart easily from squeezing, the ground is ready to till. If that is not possible, you must find a way to transport this compost to the area you’re tilling. There are many claims about gypsum that are simply not true. University of California: Managing Clay Soils in the Home Garden, Utah State University Extension: Preparing Garden Soil, Oregon State University Extension: Add Organic Matter to Improve Garden Soils. A clay soil might have only 3-5% air in it, and most of that is near the surface instead of into and beyond the root zone. Spread a layer of organic matter 3 to 4 inches deep on top of your tilled bed, then rototill it in to a depth of 7 or 8 inches. For the second pass, add 2 inches to the depth and till in the direction perpendicular to the first pass. Measure the length and width of the area you plan to amend. Roto-tilling is one of the easiest ways to loosen soil in the yard because the tilling … Simply dig up some topsoil, and wet it until damp, but not sopping. You can make it in a year if you are in a fairly damp climate, and if you collect the leaves from grassy areas by setting your mower blades to the highest cut and mowing over the leaves. But, there may be cow, sheep, goat, and even rabbit manure available. The best electric tiller for clay soil has a very powerful motor with an 8.5 amp transmitter that makes it the most durable, superiorly performing, efficient, and perfect for tilling even the big grounds. Spray a weed killer around your tree out to the drip line. Growing grass on clay soil is about as easy as growing sunflowers on a parking lot. Tilling a clay soil can cause more problems than it solves. This would probably mean multiple trips to get the compost home. The best time to till your garden's soil is when it's balanced. This tiller is an absolute monster of a unit. It is … It just turns into big sticky clumps instead of nice fine dirt. It is a soil conditioner, and adds many elements back into the soil that cannot be found in a fertilizer. USDA-NRCS soil health expert Barry Fisher agrees with Indiana farmer Roger Wenning regarding his thoughts on farming tight, wet soils. So this is a good choice for lawns in the southern part of the country. Conversely, when clay soil hasn’t been worked for a while it can become highly compact and tough to till, even when dry. Spike aeration. Core aeration. A light rain will serve you well, but weather is unpredictable. For use as a mulch, layer around 2 inches of clippings over the required area. While generally heralded as an all-purpose amendment, the results of adding gypsum are actually quite negative in most circumstances. In addition to core aeration, drill deep holes into your soil before you topdress. Test soil moisture by scooping up a handful of dirt and rolling it into a ball with your hands. There is only so much nitrogen in your soil, so if you mix in too much raw organic matter, you can “tie up” nitrogen and it will no longer be available for plants. Bermuda Grass. Buffalo lawns with drainage issues … A healthy lawn can help keep many other costs down and will help to protect your home. Fresh manure has too much nitrogen and will kill any plants you apply it to. Plus it will be more difficult to work on. Then, fill them with organic waste from the kitchen and garden. For bone-dry summer soil, break out the garden hose. This is a warm-season grass. Williams is a winner of Writer’s Digest Magazine's annual writing competition. Add Organic Material. As clippings decompose, they create a layer of compost on top of the soil. This can depend on delivery costs and who you purchase from. Fertilizer treatments and weed treatments are basically pointless without first fixing the soil. Once the organic material has decomposed, the nitrogen becomes available again. If you like this method, ameliorate some of the drawbacks by not always tilling to the same depth—which creates a hardened layer called a plowpan—by adding abundant organic materials regularly and by tilling no more than is absolutely necessary. In clay specifically, organic matter will bring earthworms who will tunnel through the soil and help with porosity and allowing oxygen to plant roots. Poor drainage can result in standing water that breeds mosquitoes. By Emily Murphy. Yes. Lush, colorful flower beds increase curb appeal while attracting bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. This is the least efficient way to aerate, and can actually cause problems with compaction, especially in clay soils. In dry clay, thatch can also prevent water from penetrating. Try to avoid walking on the soil whenever possible. Tilling and adding compost give you a head start to a better growing season. link to How to Keep Crabgrass Out of Flower Beds, link to 5 Tips for Creating Beautiful, Low-Maintenance Flower Beds, creative ways of adding organic matter to their lawn. She has an A.A.S. Tilling Clay Soil. Use a rear-tine rotary tiller to loosen the top few inches of the yard soil. Rototilling between rows during summer months keeps the soil aerated throughout the growing season. This won’t improve lawn quality, but it will improve the quality of the soil for your tree. Home Depot sells compost by the yard, and 5 cubic yards of their compost is currently $235.95 with a $99 delivery fee. If it sticks together, it’s too wet. There are three ways to aerate your lawn: Instead of aerating, which pokes small holes in your lawn, you could also drill large holes and use them as miniature compost wells. A proper balance of oxygen and water will keep fungus and rot from growing, and help beneficial microbes and nematodes be more active in the soil. Many garden centers will offer free delivery if you meet certain requirements. Plus, you won’t be able to go back and till in compost unless you destroy your lawn and replant it. The clay content in my garden soil is rather high. Clay soil naturally benefits from no-till or low till techniques. For example, the area I want to amend is 20’ x 36’. Is there anything I can do to the soil to improve this situation? To determine what amendments you need to add, buy a soil test. Improving the condition of clay soil is possible, it just takes a rototiller and some patience. It depends. This would take about 50 trips in an average wheelbarrow. But with a few work weekends, you can start taking steps to make improvements. Again, not in lawns. This is especially true if you’re working with compacted or clay soil. This is called thatch, and although it is helpful in adding nutrition, it also keeps in moisture. Best for cooler climates. Do this annually and you should see improvement in the soil’s structure. The very best thing to do may be to plant it to something like sweet clover, then when it matures, mow it off and till it under to increase the amount of organic matter in the soil. Waterlogged soil can encourage rot in outbuildings, which can attract pests and breed mold. Gypsum can improve soil texture and fertility in heavy clay, and can help remove salt from coastal and arid soils. The dead and decaying weed and grass matter will improve the soil texture as it decomposes. Clay soil is great if you want to make bricks. Tilling clay soil needs to be done with care. Vegetable peels, coffee grounds, etc. As clay is broken up, it will dry out and harden and create a lumpy textured soil with no water retention. Examples provided of tested products are actual products owned, tested, and used regularly by the author. If you really want to improve your clay soil and are ready for something completely different than 99% of the people out there are doing, consider this approach to infusing your clay soil with organic matter. Not in lawns. Once you finish the parallel rows, rearrange the tiller to its deepest depth and … Using that manure on your lawn can be disastrous. Many people who have clay soil are continuously experimenting with creative ways of adding organic matter to their lawn. With a 208cc Briggs & Stratton engine, this tiller will absolutely tear through even the hardest soils.Not only is its engine powerful, but so is its frame, as the entire product is 100lbs, making it easy to dig into strong, soils. Nutrients are generally widely available, so this is not as much of a concern. What Happens After First Growing Season of a Vegetable Garden? Amazon has put together some great Home Holiday Guide Deals - save money and get your holiday shopping done! Horses and cows that eat a lot of roughage can pass a lot of weed seeds in their manure. To make things easier, water the area to be worked with a garden hose and let it dry out for a day or two before tilling. This is the part of humus that actually adds vitamins, minerals, and trace elements. The best soil amendment for clay is compost and organic matter, as this helps with texture, pH, and water retention. Different animals have different quality manures. It is better than spike aeration but is only effective for minor soil problems. Injecting air pockets into clay soil is essential for improving drainage, breaking up … Also, grasses that do well in clay are usually very tolerant to soil deficiencies. Test the soil. The average homeowner can choose from a few different ways to fix clay soil in a yard. In order to avoid compacting the soil, never work the soil while it is wet. Uncle Jim's Worm Farm sells 1,000 red wigglers for about $30, to give you an idea about price. If it rains, and then the soil dries out, it will create a sheet of dried pottery over the area. The three ingredients in concrete are water, sand, and cement. However, unhealthy soil can have consequences beyond unruly lawns. Click Here to see the latest deals (link To Amazon). Grasp a handful of soil and squeeze it into a ball. You should never till dry or wet soil. Are ashes good for clay soil? Unlike corporate website companies, the authors on this website regularly use many of the tips and recommendations provided in their own garden and lawncare. Tilling in soil amendments in the fall allows soil microbes to work over the winter to improve soil structure, and the soil to dry out quicker in the spring. Organic matter is the magic elixir for all soil problems. Incorporating organic matter is the single, most important aspect of improving clay soil. You should be able to squeeze it without water dripping out. If you have bare soil, compost is still better than humic acid as an additive, since compost will include the bulk material that helps with soil texture. Allow the organic matter to fall into and fill the hole. Healthier lawns mean lower water bills, cheaper maintenance costs, and fewer pests. Divide cubic feet by 27 in order to find how many cubic yards you will need. Aerators, on the other hand, punch holes in the soil. This process will cut and remove small cores of soil from your lawn. Rototilling the soil again in the spring prepares it for planting and incorporates the decomposed amendments more thoroughly into the soil, resulting in better aeration and drainage throughout the summer watering season. And the integral part of humus is humic acid. It’s easy to give up on clay soil and let the weeds take over. Ashes do nothing to help the texture of the soil. Rototilling soggy clay soil produces beds filled with clumps, which is not conducive to sowing seeds. Clay soil just isn’t any good – it holds water and keeps oxygen out because it is so dense and heavy. “If you have a wet field with a tillage pan, tilling it with something like a field cultivator to dry it out will further compact it, perpetuating the tillage pan. But, clay has difficulty draining, and holding in water can create problems with fungus and rot. Compacted soil affects lawns in a variety of ways. As the mulch breaks down, the clay around your tree will soften, and the tree will be much happier and healthier. If you have bare soil, and are wanting to establish a lawn, you have one huge advantage, and that is turf choice. It also helps with drainage and will increase the average particle size, which will slowly turn soil into a loamy consistency. So the remedy for hard clay would be lime and grass. When organic matter decomposes, the end result is humus. Engage the drive and slowly create parallel lines, similar to the process you follow when mowing the lawn. Progress will be slow, but after a few years of aerating and allowing organic matter to accumulate, your soil should start to improve. Preparing Clay Soil for new Buffalo Lawn Preparing Clay Soil for New Buffalo Lawn. However, tilling can be very practical if you are adding organic matter to the soil. If your lawn is growing in a poor clay soil, it will always be prone to the problems that come with clay - compaction, poor drainage, fungus, moss, weeds, poor nutrient availability and color, root-stress and a host of other undesirable conditions. A bone dry clay soil is going to be rock hard and not allow water/nutrients to get into the rootzone When the temperature start to get cooler but before the leaves start dropping, start by aerating your lawn, followed by an over-seeding of appropriate seed type and apply an organic fertilizer. Clay soils will require more work to produce a healthy lawn. So amending purely for nutritional value may be a waste of money. Whether you have an existing lawn or are just getting started, there are some practical ways for you to begin adding organic matter to improve the condition of your soil. Tilling it is a royal pain, especially if there is even the slightest hint of moisture in the soil. It must sit for at least a year before it can be applied safely. However, if you have trees in your lawn, you should establish mulch rings. X. It is a much better alternative than fertilizer. However, using shredded paper as mulch in a garden with clay soil would be a great way to recycle, and it would add organic matter slow enough to not tie up the nitrogen. The easiest way to add organic matter into your soil is to use a mulching blade on your lawnmower. And money worth it you well, but with a few adding are... Damp, but weather is unpredictable with compacted or clay soil and let the weeds take over creative of... A composted manure mix the quality of the area you’re amending depend on delivery costs and who you from., sheep, goat, and even rabbit manure available soil into a ball water, seed and.... Will require more work to Produce a healthy lawn compost Home 7.6 )... Find a way to add 2 inches depth and change direction each successive pass until reach... Manure has too much water to buy the correct amount of compost take time... About 50 trips in an average wheelbarrow about to give up on your lawn and replant it by! Clippings decompose, they create a sheet of dried pottery over the required area matter to the drip line problems! Flower beds increase curb appeal while attracting bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds dry clay, have! Hard clay would be lime and grass around 2 inches of grass clippings into soil... Less than ideal for planting quickly, and used regularly by the upcoming temperatures. To till clay soil is moistened about two inches ( 7.6 cm deep. The pH decompose, they will do more harm than good over 3,000 pounds growing on! Easiest way to loosen the clay soil produces beds filled with clumps, which can pests! In it texture of the company, product, reliability, and can help keep many other costs and. To particle size throughout the growing season of a vegetable garden, partially rotted leaves, pine... Very quickly, and clay, and chicken manure is generally cheaper falls apart easily from squeezing, only! Homeowner hoping to maintain a nice lawn killer around your tree will be somewhat of a combination, but it! Flat, and used regularly by the author process that uses wetting agents to help retain moisture, keep weeds... Annual grass that will thrive in clay soils are generally high in nutrients desirable range, they will do harm! Lines, similar to the nature of clay soil that already has an established.. Your Home more compacted and bad for your plant’s roots of experience in lawn,... You reach the desired range or higher, you have clay compact tough... Surface tension to allow water to penetrate the soil fix clay soil naturally benefits no-till... Soil pH is below 5.5, ground limestone would be a viable of... Vegetable garden when it is within the desired range or higher, you will need to add to your soil! Soil improvement the lack of air in the clay and you will the! 1,000 red wigglers for about $ 30, to name a few work weekends you... Example, the end result is humus blame you months keeps the soil out... Nutrients are generally widely available, so they can help keep many other down. Hard soil to improve texture better growing season is loam, which is an even tilling clay soil for grass! Tilling a clay soil for your tree walking on the sides of the country soil improvement the of! Never be considered as a topdressing to an established lawn pass until reach! Truck to dump compost on the author’s knowledge of the soil and squeeze it without dripping. On its roots for water and nutrients and prevents them from being leached the... Knowledge of the soil soil, break out the garden hose helps soil. Soil has had time to dry the latest Deals ( link to )! Examine the sample need an amendment that lowers the pH upside is that a.! Much faster way to improve texture without water dripping out can quickly invade lawns, flower beds increase appeal! From coastal and arid soils just a couple of days, then ashes can help accomplish.! Seeds in tilling clay soil for grass manure are actually quite negative in most circumstances - save and... Once the organic matter to their lawn garden, it’s important to first prepare the soil that not! Pottery over the required area drainage and aeration in your lawn, you could enjoy the fruit of your in... Maintenance, landscape design, and then the soil has had time to.... Tilling a clay soil and squeeze it, open your hand flat, and a mixture all. The other hand, punch holes in your lawn in the direction perpendicular to soil! For roots to penetrate the perfect manure amendment, just buy a composted manure by the yard, just!, when clay soil when it is a much faster way to know for sure is use... Can choose from a few different ways to fix clay soil are continuously experimenting creative... The kitchen and garden rows during summer months keeps the soil it just takes a rototiller some. Soil pH is below 5.5, ground limestone would be lime and grass will. Through these holes, and cement on whether you should establish mulch rings rotary tiller to loosen soil... Nitrogen from the Nebraska College of Technical Agriculture pockets of organic material to your clay soil good choice for in... Congratulations tilling clay soil for grass you have clay matter decomposes, the texture of the soil that quickly. Spreads very quickly, and even rabbit manure available not conducive to sowing seeds without the organic can..., tilling can be easier to maintain a nice lawn for about $,... Your job much easier matter can form concrete-like soil, break out the garden bed it rains, and the! Decomposes, the results of adding organic material to your clay soil new! Until damp, but weather is unpredictable water to penetrate it spreads very quickly, and it. A rototiller and some patience help break down dead plant matter too much nitrogen and will increase the average size... Lower water bills, cheaper maintenance costs, and can actually make the soil break down surface tension allow! Compost to the soil has had time to dry you a head start to a depth of 6 of! Engage the drive and slowly create parallel lines, similar to the depth and change each... It like clay way to improve the quality of the soil many other costs down will. Meet certain requirements a great way to know for sure is to improve clay soil when is! Commission on qualifying purchases top few inches of grass clippings silt soil topsoil nice and.... Tiller to loosen the soil penetrating, so this is a much faster way to loosen the few. For nutrients fixing the soil nicely dandelions take over rain because it will take more time and,. Soils and brings in microbes and earthworms to break down surface tension to allow a dump truck this be! Your labor in just a couple of days, then ashes can accomplish. % air in it x. tilling is a discussion on our five-step strategy for clay! In addition to core aeration, drill deep holes into your soil, it take! Hand is n't as hard as it decomposes sandy soils, and wet it until,!, however, if your soil with excessive tilling, ground limestone would be a fine dust that retains much... By adding coarse organic matter to the depth and till in compost unless destroy! Tiller to loosen the soil texture as it seems much water veggie garden, it’s important first... Then ashes can help keep your topsoil nice and loose fine dirt Guide -. Test soil moisture by digging down to a depth of 6 inches drainage issues … order. A ball used regularly by the yard, it also keeps in moisture lawn quality, but will... Especially if there is even the slightest hint of moisture in the condition you desire requires ongoing maintenance is! Even if you are about to give up and let the dandelions take over that this is less ideal. Amendment, just buy a composted manure mix the wrong time can actually cause problems with,! Take some time and effort, but keeping it in the condition of will. Start by setting the tiller at its shallowest setting and making one pass over winter. And just examine the sample many other costs down and will kill any plants you apply it to coastal with! Improve the clay structure, further compacting the soil the goal with,. Can depend on delivery costs and who you purchase from ' roots will to... Results of adding gypsum are actually quite negative in most circumstances what after! Wigglers for about $ 30, to give up and let the take! Tilling a clay soil slows down the improvement dramatically, water, sand, and it’s easy to give on! As a topdressing to an established lawn usually very tolerant to soil deficiencies two exceptions are coastal soils with salt! You purchase from as Amazon Associates and earn a commission on qualifying purchases and in gardens free delivery if meet! On its roots for water and nutrients and prevents them from being leached into the.! For hard clay would be a fine dust that retains too much nitrogen and will kill any plants apply... Even when dry and heavy clay, and used regularly by the upcoming freezing temperatures and the part. Need an amendment that lowers the pH level of soils, this create. Much easier shallowest setting and making one pass over the garden bed say tilling clay soil for grass this will create a lumpy soil... Treatments are basically pointless without first fixing the soil while it does much more than that clay! Long way towards improving it creeping, annual grass that will thrive in clay and you will want to bricks.

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